Myofunctional disorders, orofacial myofunctional disorders, oral myofunctional disorders, oral myology,,,, all of them fall under the orofacial myology umbrella. The names have been evolving through the years and there is a consensus to use Orofacial Myology as the main name for the field.
We are the largest training provider of continuing education for Orofacial Myologists. We prepare you to be qualified to evaluate, diagnose, and treat orofacial myology disorders including tongue tie determination, thumb/finger sucking elimination, treating the chewing and swallowing process in detail, “tongue thrust,” airway concerns, speech articulation connections, relationship to orthodontics and much more.
Definition: The study and treatment of oral and facial muscles as they relate to speech, dentition, chewing/bolus collection, swallowing, and overall mental and physical health.” S.R. Holtzman
Sometimes referred to as “orofacial myofunctional” or “oral myofunctional” disorders, orofacial myology disorders may include one or a combination of the following signs and symptoms.:
· Speech articulation disorders such as lisps
· Orthodontic relapse after orthodontic treatment
· Negative oral habits such as thumb, finger, lip, and tongue sucking habits
· An inappropriate mouth-open, lips-apart resting posture
· Mouth breathing as opposed to nasal breathing
· A forward interdental rest posture of the tongue
· Chewing, bolus collection, swallowing issues
· Messy, slow, or otherwise unnatural eating pattern
It has not been clearly established what causes every orofacial myofunctional disorder, but certain factors are well known. These include the following:
Airway issues that interfere with the ability to breathe easily and consistently through the nose.
A restricted lingual frenum (thin tissue beneath the tongue) that limits the ability of the tongue to move easily throughout the oral cavity, affecting speech production as well as proper chewing and collection of food and liquids prior to the swallow.
Certain syndromes associated with structural differences that include a shorter mandible, excessively high narrow palate, and more.
History of prior or current oral habits.
A qualified speech-language pathologist, dentist or dental hygienist and certain medical providers who have received specific training in orofacial myology evaluation and treatment are able to evaluate and diagnose orofacial myofunctional disorders. The qualified therapist is someone who has undergone an intensive training course in orofacial myology that includes access to and understanding of a thorough treatment program that is individualized based on the evaluation findings and the unique needs of each client or patient.
The Orofacial Myology treatment program of choice worldwide for dental professionals, speech pathologists, and other orofacial myologists is the Myo Manual Treatment Program. It guides you through the steps to provide an individualized total treatment plan from basics to habituation.
You must be licensed as a speech-language pathologist, dental professional, or physician. You complete the required training program that includes at least 28 credit hours, and adhere to the ASHA, AGD/PACE or other scope of practice for your profession. The path to becoming an orofacial myologist differs from one person to the next. There is no licensing or regulatory association or organization that oversees practitioners of orofacial myology. As the largest training provider of continuing education for Orofacial Myologists, we prepare you to start working immediately after your training course and enter you into the qualification process.